Summative Grade

The summative grade is the grade you receive at the end of the semester, where the goal is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark.

Your summative grade will be computed based on the following formula:

Element Portion of Final Grade
Building a Homestead 5%
Unpacking Manuel’s 15%
Podcast 15%
Analyzing Wolf in White Van 15%
Fiasco 10%
Side Quests 10%
Class Participation 10%
Final Portfolio with reflection 20%

2. Critical Thinking and Reading Resulting in Writing

writing on a wall

As they undertake scholarly inquiry and produce their own arguments, students summarize, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate the ideas of others.

Students may encounter the ideas of others in a variety of texts generated both inside and outside the classroom: print, visual, aural, oral, spatial. Students learn accepted and ethical ways to integrate other texts into their work, rightly handling citation and adaptation. Students use writing as a critical thinking tool.

Explanation of Letter Grades on Assignments

Letter Grade Explanation
C Meets the assignment, reasonably well-organized and developed, and shows some grasp of audience. However, the information delivered is thin and commonplace. Reader is not instructed. Paper is often too vague and general–general in that the confused reader asks, “In every case?” “Why?” “Exactly how many?” Opening is uninteresting to reader. The conclusion is not engaging but is pedantic. Transitions between paragraphs lack smoothness. Sentences are choppy and show little variety. Word choice is acceptable but not always precise containing tedious repetitions. Often contains errors that impede readability. Reader is not tempted to read the paper again.
B Paper is more than merely competent. Idea stated clearly but with little original thought. Few errors have escaped the writer’s attention. Reader feels instructed. Organizing principle stated clearly, and all points are unified around central idea. Opening draws reader in, and closing relates thematically to opening. Transitions are smoother than the C paper. Sentence structure is varied even though the prose may be a bit flabby and wordy. Diction is more concise and precise. Little is included to distract or disturb the reading process. Reading is a pleasure.
A Shows unusual polish and style. Surpasses the ordinary paper and is free of serious errors. The subject is very well developed with original and fresh ideas and depth of thought always with an eye to the reader. Reader feels delighted or instructed at every stage of the reading process. The title is engaging. The opening entices the reader to read on. The transitions are artful; the phrasing is tight; descriptions are telling and not general. The reader feels–for the entire length of his reading journey–that the writer is a careful, trustworthy, craftsperson. The reader feels bright, fresh, satisfied, and ready to reread the paper.
D Treatment and development of subject is only in the beginning stages. Organization is present but is neither clear nor effective. Sentences are awkward, ambiguous, and contain serious errors. Little or no evidence of careful proofreading exists. Reader feels writing was done in haste. Does not adequately respond to the assignment prompt.
F Treatment of the subject is superficial. Theme lacks organization. Prose is garbled. Mechanical errors abound. Ideas, organization, and style are well below acceptable college writing.

Grading Scales

Grading Percentage Scale

% Letter Grade
93.00-100 A
90.00-92.99 A-
86.00-89.99 B+
83.00-85.99 B
80.00-82.99 B-
76.00-79.99 C+
73.00-75.99 C
70.00-72.99 C-
66.00-69.99 D+
60.00-65.99 D
0-59.99 F

Grading Scale Quality Points

Here is the official Emory University grading system for semester grades.

Grade/Scale Description
A 4.0, A- 3.7 Extremely high quality work, effort, and performance beyond minimum requirements. Excellent attendance and substantial contributions to discussions.
B+ 3.3, B 3.0, B- 2.7 Well-written work that continues to improve. A level of effort and performance beyond minimum requirements. Good attendance and contributions to discussions.
C+ 2.3, C 2.0, C-1.7 Generally competent work and a level of effort that meets course requirements. Regular attendance and contributions to discussions.
D+ 1.3, D 1.0 Work that is uneven in quality or suggests incompetence. Irregular attendance and minimal contributions to discussions.
F 0.0 Incomplete or unacceptable work. No real effort to participate in class discussions. Four or more absences.

3. Writing as Process


Students understand and practice writing as a process, recursively implementing strategies of research, drafting, revision, editing, and reflection.

In learning about their own writing process and doing guided reflective writing about that process, students learn to critique their own and others’ works. They also become aware that it usually takes multiple drafts to create and complete a successful text.

4. Digital Citizenship / Digital Identity

"Creative Commons" by Austin Condiff and "Public Domain" at the Noun Project.

Students use technology appropriately and engage responsibly in online spaces.

Students conduct themselves according to norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. They explain and practice good digital citizenship and utilize the concepts of intellectual property (including copyright, fair use, and creative commons licensing) and appropriate citation and attribution of sources. Students reflect on learning as part of a deliberately constructed digital identity, which they construct in part through the design and publication of interlinked web sites on their own domains. Students conduct inquiry, research, critique, and publication in electronic environments.

5. Collaboration


Students demonstrate collaborative skills in classroom discussion and working together on projects and presentations.

Students practice effective collaboration and display a willingness to engage actively with each other. They work amiably in face-to-face and digital groups, and assume key roles in collaborative work. Students provide constructive criticism to their peers in supportive and helpful ways, and receive constructive criticism in the same manner.

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